about the Arledge family pioneers

The following stories, information, and documents have been graciously provided by Arledge researchers Jerry Smalley and Enlow Ose . They tell the story of some descendants of Jonathan Arledge, son of Caleb Arledge of Fairfield Co, SC and later Anson/Mecklenburg Co, NC, who left NC and migrated northwesterly to TN, KY, and IL. His son Lemuel Harvey and later descendants continued the westward movement. These documents provide a fascinating glimpse into the lives of those who settled the American West, and the conditions under which they lived.

Pam Wilson, Arledge Family History Project

Lemuel Harvey Arledge and Jane Rodman

Lemuel Harvey Arledge, born about 1808 in or around Hopkins Co., KY was the son of Jonathan and Sarah Arledge who were married August 10, 1802 in Montgomery Co. TN.

Lemuel Arledge married Jane Rodman April 14, 1826 in Hickman Co. Ky.  In the 1830 census of Graves Co. KY Jonathan and Lemuel "Aldridge" are listed together.  They also appear together in the 1827 to 1833 tax lists For Graves Co.  A female child under five years of age, name unknown, is listed with Lemuel "Aldridge" in the 1830 census of Graves Co. The known children of Lemuel and Jane Arledge are Minerva D. Arledge  [probably born about 1832 in Graves Co.], Alexander Arledge [said to be born about 1836 in or near Henderson, Knox Co. Illinois], and Emily Adeline Arledge born January 24, 1842 in Fayette Co. Illinois.

Lemuel and his family apparently moved to Mercer or Knox Co. Illinois from Kentucky in about 1834.  In 1839 they acquire land in Fayette  Co. Illinois where they appear in the 1840 census records [under "Aldridge"] with one male under 5, one female under 5, and one female under 10.  They sell their land in Fayette Co. in 1846 and next appear in the 1850 census of Knox Co. IL as follows; L. H. Arledge [42, b. in Ky], Jane [46, b. in Va.], Manerva [18  KY], Alexander [12 Ill], and Emily [9 Ill.]. In October 1852 Lemuel sells land in Fayette Co. that he purchased in 1851.  In September 1853 "Dr" L. H. Arledge arrived in Maynes Grove in Franklin Co. Iowa after selling a claim near Ackley, Iowa to Thomas Downs. His family had apparently followed Jacob and Minerva [Arledge] Rice [they were married February 5, 1851 in Knox Co. Illinois] to Hardin and Franklin Co. Iowa.  Jane Rodman Arledge died July 1, 1854 and was buried in the Maynes Grove cemetery in Franklin Co. Iowa.

Lemuel "Arlege" married Lydia Johnson July 27, 1855 in Hardin Co. Iowa.  She was born June 28, 1831 in Berlin VT and was the second daughter of William and Lydia Johnson.  The 1856 census of Franklin Co. Iowa lists Lemuel H. Arledge [48 KY] with Lydia Arledge [24 VT], E. A. Arledge [14 IL], and Sarah P. Arledge [1 IA].  [note: Alexander Arledge married Julia Peters July 8, 1855 in Hardin Co.]

Lemuel Arledge and his family moved to Mankato, Minnesota in 1856 and acquired land in Blue Earth Co. MN in 1856 and 1857. In " The History of Blue Earth Co. MN" the family is involved with the Indians moving north into Minnesota after the Spirit Lake massacre in Iowa in 1857. Emily Adeline Arledge married John "Doke" [Doak] in Vernon Center MN on November 9, 1856. In any event Lemuel and Lydia Arledge sold their land in Blue Earth Co. in 1859 and returned to Iowa where they appear in the 1860 Hardin Co. census as follows; L. Arledge [51 KY], L. Arledge [24 NY], and S. Arledge [1 IA]. The 1860 census record is rather confusing but no other record has been found that places this family in Hardin Co. at that time. However, L. H. "Arlege" was rejected in 1862 for service in the Civil War by the mustering officer of Co. H, 32nd Regiment of Iowa Infantry. I have not found any member of this family in the 1870 census records.

The Franklin Co. Iowa history book states that Dr. Arledge remained in Franklin Co. for several years after returning from Mankato MN before going to Nebraska where another source identified Dr. Arledge as an "itinerant Methodist preacher along the Republican river in Nebraska". This history book indicates that Dr. Arledge was killed when he fell from the top of a load of logs but I have not found any record giving the date or place of his death or the place of his burial.  The history book also identifies Dr. L. H. Arledge as the first practicing physician in Franklin Co. with an extensive practice for that day.  It is also said that he had a common school education, a limited medical education, and that he was a first rate preacher in the M. E. church.

Known children of Lemuel and Lydia Arledge are Sarah Permelia Arledge [b. April 21, 1856], Caroline Louise Arledge [b. December 27, 1862 in Maysville, Iowa], and Albert J. Arledge [b. ca. 1866].  Sarah Arledge married William Whitesell September 24, 1872 in Hardin Co., Caroline married William Whitesell November 12, 1884 [after her sister died in 1884], and Albert Arledge [as far as we know] never married [he died in Iowa City, Iowa March 23,1914].  Several additional children of Lemuel Arledge are mentioned in the obit of Caroline Arledge Whitesell in 1920 [these were Rosa, Lillie, Estella, Silas and William].  It is said that several of these additional children are buried with Lemuel's first wife in the Maynes Grove cemetery.

Lydia Johnson "Aldridge" married Oliver Hazard Perry Bird April 8, 1874 in Hardin co. Iowa. Guy Clifford Bird [b. August 20, 1876] was a product of this marriage. Oliver Bird died April 3, 1894.  On December 29, 1894 Lydia Johnson Arledge Bird married Peter Eagle. Lydia died February 22, 1897 in Winnebago Co. Iowa and was buried in the Buffalo Center cemetery on February 24, 1897. Her obit stated that she was the mother of seven children by Dr. Arledge and one child by O. H. Bird.

Enlow Ose

From Jerry Smalley's web site: (July 1999):

The Lemuel Harvey Arledge Family

The following amusing story is taken from the book,  "History of Blue Earth County and Biographies of It's Leading Citizens"
by Thomas Hughes, published by Middle West Publishing Company, Chicago. The book deals with the history of Blue
Earth County, Minnesota. Chapter X is titled "THE INKPADUTAH MASSACRE OF 1857."  This massacre of white
settlers is generally referred to in most history books as "The Spirit Lake Massacre" in which 40 plus white settlers were
murdered and 4 women, Miss Abbie Gardner, Mrs. Alvin Noble, Mrs. Joseph Thatcher and a Mrs. Marble were carried off as

Needless to say, the white settlers for miles in all directions were terrified and feared for their lives. We will now pick up
the story from the book, Chapter X, page 86 :

            Lemuel Harvey Arledge

       "The excitement now was at its height. The settlers in the extreme southwestern part of the
       county gathered intoShelbyville. Those living a little further down on the Blue Earth fortified
       themselves in Mr. Reed's house, near the present village of Vernon Center. Those along Perch
       Creek and along the Watonwan, below the Slocum neighborhood fled to Garden City, where two
       forts were built, one about Folsom's log house north of the village and the other on the south side
       of the river by Edson Gerry's house. Gerry had moved his first claim shanty from the village and
       put it near his other house. The space between the two houses was now closed in by log walls
       and port holes made in them and in the roofs of the houses. Here an amusing incident occurred,
       though at the time it seemed serious enough to the persons involved.

       Two or three miles below the present village of Vernon Center, on the Blue Earth river, lived Dr.
       Arledge. Just below the house on the river bottom were camped a few Indians making maple
       sugar. When the doctor heard of the massacres he and his family were greatly agitated and
       imagined they saw signs of mischief in the Indian camp. They wished to flee to Garden City,
       but did not dare to expose themselves outside the cabin for fear of inviting an attack. The son,
       Alexander, a grown up young man, finally dressed himself in a blanket and, thus disguised,
       mounted on a pony and armed with a rifle, he hoped to pass the Indian camp without their
       knowing he was a White man.

       The previous fall Joseph McClanahan had located a claim in Shelby Township and then had gone
       back to Indiana. On this particular day he was returning to his claim and had reached Garden
       City. They told him of the Indian Massacres and urged him to stay there as there were Indians all
       about. He pretended to disbelieve the whole story and thought he could get to his claim without
       trouble. The snow was still deep and melting, making walking very hard. He had gone about two
       miles and a half, when lo ! and behold ! coming down the road toward him full tilt was a blanketed
       Indian, on a pony and waving a gun.  It did not take McClanahan but a very small fraction of a
       second to wheel about and take to his heels. It was a fearful race. Young Arledge (for it was he)
       hallooed to try and stop him, but all McClanahan heard were the blood curdling war hoops, and
       he ran all the faster. For two miles he sped like  a deer over that terrible road of half melted snow
       and then fell in a faint completely exhausted. Young Arledge jumped from his horse and rubbed his
       forehead and face with snow to restore him to consciousness. In his semi delirious condition,
       McClanahan imagined the cold steel of the scalping knife pass around his head. The men building
       the fort by Gerry's were horror stricken to witness such a bold, shocking murder committed before
       their eyes, seizing their guns rushed up the road to the rescue. Fortunately Arledge managed to
       disclose his identity before they fired. McClanahan was so overcome by the fright and exhaustion
       that he was confined to his bed for many days. "

Emily Adeline Arledge Doak (daughter of Lemuel Harvey Arledge and Jane Rodman)

Enlow Ose wrote:

               Emily Adeline Arledge was born January 24, 1842 in Fayette Co. Illinois.
               She was the daughter of Lemuel Harvey Arledge and Jane Rodman Arledge.  In
               about 1846 this family moved to Knox Co. Illinois but returned to Fayette
               Co. Illinois in 1852.  In 1853 the family moved on to Hardin and Franklin
               Co. Iowa. Jane Rodman Arledge died in Franklin Co. Iowa in 1854 and Lemuel
               Harvey Arledge married Lydia Ann Johnson in Hardin Co. Iowa in July 1855.
               The family moved to Blue Earth Co. Mn in 1856 where land was being opened
               up for homesteading.

               Emily Adeline Arledge married John Doak November 9, 1856 at Vernon Center,
               Blue Earth Co. Mn and homesteaded land there.  They appear in the 1860
               census of Blue Earth Co. as follows:
                       John Doke
                       Emily Doke
                       Ellenopa Doke

               John and Emily Doak apparently left Blue Earth Co. Mn ca 1863 and returned
               to Hardin or Franklin Co. Iowa.  At the time of the 1870 census, John and
               Emily Doak were in Delaware Co. Iowa where they appear as follows:
                       Doke, John         35        Va
                       Doke, Emily A.   28         Ill
                       Nellie                 10        Min
                       Eliz. C.                4         Ia
                       Maude                 1         Ia

               In 1875, John and Emily Doak acquired land in Clayton Co. Iowa and remained
               in Clayton Co. until late in 1900.  They appear in the 1880 census of
               Clayton Co. as follows:
                       John Doak        44        Va
                       Emma Doak       38         Ill
                       Myra Doak         10         Ia
                       Mary Doak           8         Ia
                       John                    1         Ia
               and in the 1900 Clayton Co. census as follows:
                       John Doak          64        born Jan. 1836 in Virginia
                       Emily A. Doak    57        born Jan, 1843 in Illinois
                       Bessie Doak      18         born Aug. 1884 [?] in Iowa
                       Gardie Doak       15        born Dec. 1884 in Iowa

               John and Emily Doak moved to Orchard Prarie, Washington [east of Spokane]
               after selling their land in Clayton Co. Iowa in 1900.  John Doak died at
               Orchard Prarie, Washington August 25, 1907.  Emily Arledge Doak died at
               Kennewick, Washington January 25, 1929.

               ... Some of the above info was obtained from George Hickox in the mid 1980's
               and I have some pictures of this family.

               George Hickox told me that Lemuel Harvey Arledge was referred to as "Seth"
               among the Doaks. A biographical sketch of the John Doak family in "Orchard
               Prarie-The First Hundred Years 1879-1979" that was printed in the State of
               Washington refers to Lemuel [Seth] Arledge as the father of Emily Adeline
               Arledge. No other references to "Seth" Arledge has been found at this time [1999].

Minerva Dupree Arledge Rice (daughter of Lemuel Harvey Arledge and Jane Rodman)

Enlow Ose  wrote on May 14, 1999:

Minerva DuPree Arledge was born April 16, 1831, probably in Graves Co. KY. She was the daughter of Lemuel Harvey Arledge and Jane Rodman.  She is one of the daughters listed with Lemuel "Aldridge" in the 1840 Fayette Co. Illinois census and appears as "Manerva" [18 KY] in the 1850 Knox Co. Illinois census with the family of L. H. Arledge. On February 5, 1851 "Manery" Arledge married Jacob K. Rice in Knox Co. Illinois.

Jacob [26 Ind] and Minerva [24 KY] Rice appear in the 1856 Hardin Co. Iowa census but I have not found the family in the 1860 census records. However, Jacob Rice sold land in Franklin Co. Iowa in 1859 and was in Hamilton Co. Iowa in 1865. The family appears in the 1870 census of Cherokee Co. Iowa but moved on to Buffalo Co. Nebraska in October 1874. At that time Jacob Rice was know as a hunter of wild game and was said to have supplied wild game to hotels in the east. The family then appears in the 1880 and 1885 census of Gibbon, Buffalo Co. Nebraska before moving on to Asotin, Asotin Co. Washington in 1888/1890. By 1900 the whole family had moved to the states of Washington and Idaho. Minerva Arledge Rice died May 10, 1900 in Asotin and was buried May 12, 1900 in the Tacoma cemetery in Tacoma, Washington. Jacob Rice died April 26, 1922 in Port Angeles, Washington and was buried beside his wife in the Tacoma cemetery.

[Note from PW: Enlow's information on children and grandchildren of Jacob and Minerva Rice has been incorporated into database form.]

Pam-- That is most of the info I have on Minerva Arledge Rice and her descendants but I do have some pictures of family members, including one of Minerva.  Years ago I was in touch with several of her descendants but have not maintained any contact with them.

Enlow Ose

Alexander Rodman Arledge (1831-1927, son of Lemuel Harvey Arledge and Jan Rodman) and his wife Julia Ann Peters

Obituary for Alexander Rodman Arledge in the Vancouver Washington Evening Columbian dated Monday, June 4, 1927: (from Jerry Smalley)


Alexander Arledge, 96, veteran of the Indian wars and civil war, died saturday at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Florence Gremmer (Bremmer) near Pioneer. He was born April 13, 1831 in Illinois and 21 years ago came to Washington to make his home with his daughter.

During the Indian Wars in South Dakota and Minnesota Mr. Arledge served under General Sibley. At the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861 he joined the 6th Minnesota Infantry and served through the war being discharged in 1865. After his discharge from the Army, Mr Arledge began farming in Minnesota,

Funeral Services will be held at the grave in the local Military Cemetery Tuesday afternoon at 2 o'clock. The services will be in charge of Ellsworth Post No. 2 Grand Army of the Republic. The body will be at the mortuary parlors of Hamiltin and Son until time for the services.

Surviving relatives include five daughters, Mrs. Huldah Turner, Canada, Mrs Eliza Brown and Mrs. Ada Goodrich, Tennsleet (Tensleep), Wy., Mrs Cora Nicholson, Grass Creek, Wy., Mrs. Florence Gremmer (Bremmer), near Pioneer, a son, Walter Arledge, Wendling, Ore., 32 grandchildren, 49 great-grandchildren, and three great-great grand children, and a sister, Mrs. Adeline Doak, Kenniwick, Wash.

The following is a letter dated August, 1983, from Enlow Ose to Bessie L. Prill, both of whom are also descendants of Lemuel Harvey Arledge, Alexander's father.

"Alexander Arledge was born April 13, 1836/1837 near the town now called Henderson (formerly called Hendersonville) in Knox County, Illinois. His parents were Lemuel Harvey Arledge and Jane Rodman Arledge. His family moved to Mercer or Knox County, Illinois from Graves County Kentucky in 1833/1834. They subsequently moved to Fayette County, Illinois in 1839 where they appear in the 1840 census records under the name of "Aldrige". They left Fayette County, Illinois in 1846, apparently returning to Knox County, Illinois where they appear in the 1850 census records. In 1851, they returned to Fayette County, Illinois for one year, after which they returned to Knox County before moving on to Hardin and Franklin Counties in Iowa in 1853."

Alexander "Arledge" married Julia A. Peters in Hardin County, Iowa on July 8, 1855. Alexander and Julia Ann appear in the 1856 census records for Reeve Township in Franklin County. In 1856, Alexander Arledge and his father moved to Blue Earth County, Minnesota.

Alexander Arledge and his father patented land in Blue Earth County, Minnesota in 1856 & 1857, and are mentioned on pages 86 and 298 of "History of Blue Earth County, Minnesota". Alexander sold his land there in 1859 but apparently remained in the area. The 1860 census for Shelby Township, Blue Earth County, Minnesota shows:

          Alexander Arlage              25        Farmer         Pa.
          Julia Arlage             24 Pa.
          Hulda Arlage              4 Pa.
          Frances Arlage            2 Pa. [online census gives this as Marcus]

Alexander Arledge volunteered for service in the Union Army February 20, 1864. At that time he was a farmer in Garden City, Minnesota. He joined the 6th Regiment of the Minnesota Volunteers, serving until 19 August, 1865.

After the civil War, Alexander returned to farming in Ackley, Hardin County, Iowa. They show up there in the 1870 Hardin County census records as follows:

          Alexander Arledge        34        Farmer         Ill.
          Julia A. Arledge         35 NY.
          Huldah J. Arledge        13 Mn.
          Emma S. Arledge          6 Iowa

(Pension records indicate that a son, Marquis, was born in 1861 but no subsequent record of him has been found. No record of Frances Arledge has been found except for the 1860 census record. However, the 1860 Minnesota census index  lists Marcus Arlage with Alexander, Julia, and Hulda Arlage so I could have read the 1860 census records incorrectly. If so, Frances and Marquis could be one and the same person.)

In 1871, Alexander Arledge and family moves to Ft. Collins, Larimer County, Colorado. They appear in the 1880 census records as follows:

          Alexander Arledge        57        Ill
          Julia Arledge       45        NY
          Emma L. Arledge          15        Iowa
          Florence M. Arledge  8        Colorado
          Walter A. Arledge         6        Colorado
          Cora C. Arledge           4        Colorado

In 1883, Alexander Arledge and family moved to Rushville, Sheridan County, Nebraska. In 1891, they moved to Red Bank, Johnson County, Wyoming. In 1894, they moved to Big Horn, Sheridan County, Wyoming. In 1899, they lived in Council, Adams County, Idaho. They appear in the 1900 census for Big Horn County, Wyoming, along with Walter A. Arledge and Pearl I. Arledge, his wife.

In 1910 Alex R. Arledge was listed in Washington Co, Idaho:

Arledge, Alex R County : Washington Co.
 Location : Council
 Sex : M
 Age : 76
 Birthplace : Illinois
 National Archives series number : T624
 National Archives microfilm number : 228
 Microfilm page # (and volume, if applicable) : Page 193

Arledge, Julia County : Washington Co.
 Location : Council
 Sex : F
 Age : 76
 Birthplace : New York
 National Archives series number : T624
 National Archives microfilm number : 228
 Microfilm page # (and volume, if applicable) : Page 193

In 1915, they lived in Asotin, Asotin County, Washington. In 1921 they were living with their daughter, Cora Nicholson, in Greybull, Big Horn County, Wyoming. Julia Arledge died June 19, 1921 in Masterson, Wyoming after which Alexander moved to Ridgefield, Washington to live with his daughter Florence. Alexander Arledge died in Ridgefield, Clark County, Washington on June 4, 1927.

The obituary for Alexander Arledge states that he is survived by five daughters and one son as follows: Mrs. Hulda (Mrs. H. J.) Turner of Grand Prairie, Alberta, Canada: Mrs. Eliza (Mrs. F. P.) Brown and Mrs. Ada (Mrs. J. E.) Goodrich of Ten Sleep, Wyoming: Mrs. Cora (Mrs. R. C. Nicholson of Grass Creek, Wyoming: Mrs. Florence (Mrs. F.M.) Bremmer of Ridgefield, Washington: and Walter Arledge of Wendling, Oregon. There were also 32 grandchildren, 49 great grand children, and 3 great great grand children. He was also survived by a sister, Mrs. Adeline Doak of Kennewick, Washington.

From Jerry Smalley's web page at

Notes on Alex's Civil War pension papers.

       Like most Civil War Vets, Alex applied for a pension in his old age. I can tell by his answers to the
       questions that he resented the bureaucratic red tape and having to answer all those prying,
       personal questions.  In a letter from Bess Prill, another Alexander Arledge descendant, she says
       she remembers Alex when she was a little girl and that he was not known for having a sense of
       humor. The answers to these questions seem to prove that observation wrong. Read away and
       see what you think !

       From a pension application dated January 15, 1998

       Q. Were you previously married ? If so, please state the name of your former wife and the date
       and place of your divorce.

       A. One is a dose if a man stays by it .

       From a pension application dated April 7, 1915

       Q. Were you previously married ? If so, state the name of your former wife, the date and place of
       her death or divorce. If there was more than one previous marriage, let your answer include all
       former wives.

       A. No. No, I am not a Mormon.

       Q. If your present wife was married before her marriage to you, state the name of her former
       husband, the date of such marriage, and the date and place of his death or divorce, and state
       whether he rendered any military or naval service, and, if so, give name of the organization in
       which he served. If she was married more than once before her marriage to you, let your answer
       include all former husbands.

       A. No, I don't go to a second hand house to get a good article.

       Q. Are you now living with your wife, or has there been a separation  ?

       A. Live together and intend to fight it out.

       Humor or frustration ? Maybe a little of both !


On 16 May 1999, Enlow Ose wrote:

Please remember that my info on this family is 15 years old so I will defer to Jerry Smalley on most details for this family.  However I will add a few details that might be interesting.

Alexander "Arlege" married Julia A. Peters July 8, 1855 in Hardin Co. Iowa and appear there in the 1856 Iowa census. He and his father patented land in Blue Earth Co. MN in 1856 and 1857 which they apparently sold in 1859. Nevertheless Alexander [25], Julia [24], Hulda [4], and Frances "Arlage" appear in 1860 Blue Earth Co. census records [Lemuel Arledge appears in the 1860 Hardin Co. Iowa census]. For some reason or another the 1860 Minnesota census index lists Marquis Arlage with Alexander, Julia and Hulda Arlage [are Frances and Marquis one and the same?].
After the Civil War, Alexander Arledge returned to Hardin Co. Iowa. The 1870 Hardin Co. census includes Alexander [34], Julia A. [35], Huldah J. [13], Eliza A. [8],  and Emma S. [6] Arledge. In 1871 the family moved to Larimer Co. Colorado where they appear in the 1880 census. In 1883  they moved to Sheridan Co. Nebraska. In 1891 they moved to Johnson Co. Wyoming.  In 1894 they moved to the Big Horn Basin in Wyoming. In 1899 they were in Adams Co. Idaho. The 1900 census shows them in Big Horn Co. Wyoming along with Walter A. and Pearl I. Arledge. In 1915 they were in Asotin Co. Washington. In 1921 they were living in Big Horn Co. Wyoming.

Enlow Ose

Jerry Smalley provides this narrative on his web page at

       The following experience was written down about 1892 by Julia Ann ( Peters ) Arledge, wife of
       Alexander Rodman Arledge. Alex and Julia are my Great-Great Grandparents on Dad's mothers side
       of the family.

       Julia mentions in her story that her daughter Hulda was a little girl and that she, Julia, had a
       baby at her breast. Huldah was born 26 February, 1858 and the baby, Marquis, was born 9 April,

       18 August, 1862, was the start of The Great Sioux Uprising in Minnesota. This uprising resulted in
       the deaths of 450-800 white settlers and soldiers and the death sentence for 303 Sioux warriors.
       President Lincoln commuted the death sentence for all but 38 of the men. These 38 were hanged
       together at Mankato, Minnesota on 26 December, 1862. These men were sentenced to die for
       rape and murder, not for killing in battle. On 3 March, 1863, the Sioux were banished forever from
       Minnesota and sent to live on Nebraska and Dakota Territory. This, then, is the time and place in
       which Julia's experience happened.

       Here is Julia's story, copied word for word; the spelling and punctuation are hers.


       I came over from Sweden when I was 16 years old. There was my widow mother and 4 children
       Stephen Eliza Silar and myself Julia. We had ben here for just a short time when mother died.
       That left Eliza to suprt us we dident have the best but lived to be healthy children. We usto sit
       out on the porch and wait fer Eliza to come home as we was afraid to go in the house after dark.
       When I was 18 we moved to Mankato, Minnesota. I  went to work for a woman by the name of
       Arledge. She was sick and befer she died she said to me I have a boy 19 that run away from
       home you are going to marry that boy and I did. When we got married the nabers give us silver
       mare. We traded it for heffer calves. We built us a house out of logs.

       The Indains was verry mean one night. We was sitting out around a chip smoke to keep the
       musqeeter away. We had two children then a girl Huldah and a boy Markus. We heard a cap snap
       as they used the old time guns loaded at the musel and put a cap under the hammer. A friend
       was visiting us. I took the children in the house and one of the men went one way the other.
       Down the hill and rite on the bluff stood a big buck Indain. They both took aim and pulled the
       trigger at the same time. The Indain went head over heals down the caynon. The men covered
       him up just one less buck. We dident sleep any that night but no more Indains showed up so we
       thought all was over.  Mr. Arledge was called to help guard the Indains. One day a little Indain
       boy came and wanted me to put my baby on my back. I ask him why. He showed me how the
       Indains would scalp me so I took my babies and started two miles to the fort. Came to our first
       house and on the bed layed Nafe Roots boy a boy about 18. Shot through and through he said
       look fer Pa. So I went out in the field he had ben plowing. They had shot him in the head and
       there he lay dead. They cut the traces and took the horses so when I went back and told the
       boy his father was dead and he ask me fer a cup of water whitch I gave him. Putting a pitcher of
       water whare he could reach it he said Aunt Julia thats what he called me, you better go now for
       the Indains mite come back. So I took my babies and started again. When I got to the river a mile
       from the fort I heard voices. I found the Indains was crossing the river so I crawled back in the
       willows and put the brest in the babys mouth an told Huldah to keep still or the Indains would kill
       us. Such moments until they passed us no one knows but at last they went on. After I thought it
       was safe I crawled out and started on. Got to the gards just dark. They stoped me and it was
       one of our nabors Tom Doke. He said thank God another one saved so I told him about Tommy
       being shot and still alive when I left him so they took sholders and went on a search. Brought
       Tommy in  and he lived to tell of the Indains to his children. My husban was sent back to help
       round up the waryears. He went in a house found a pan of bread turned out on the floor. Looked
       in oven found a little baby baken in the oven. The mother had ben killed in the bedroom. Found a
       woman and 5 children runing in the timber had ben there for days. The mother had lost her mind
       the older children took her down to let the baby nurse. Found another woman with her eyes dug
       out. When we went back home the had killed all out calves and burnt our house. After they
       rounded up all the Indains they put them in a big tent. They took the bucks in and staked them
       to big pins drive in the ground. My father and Doke went in and heard a buck telling the others
       how he dug out the womans eyes and Doke shot him between the eyes. My husban came home
       and riged out a team and wagon and we moved to Colorado. Havent had any truble with Indains

       NOTE #1

       Julia mentions her father and Doke in the last few lines. She had to have meant her father-in-law, as
       her father was never in the picture and her father-in-law, Dr. Arledge, lived near by.

       NOTE #2

       Immediately after the Great Massacre the Governor of Minnesota convened the legislature in a
       special session. On Sept. 29th, 1862, a militia act was passed which required every able bodied
       male between the ages of 18 and 45 years to be listed for the defense of the frontier. In
       accordance with this, Blue Earth County was, in January of 1863, divided into 12 military districts.
       Alex was in the Shelby District. The Shelby company was mustered into service on June of 1863.
       The company muster roll lists Alex as a private aged 26.

       NOTE #3

       Alex went on to enlist in the Union Army at Mankato, Minnesota on February 20th of 1864 and
       served until he was discharged at Ft. Snelling on August 19th of 1865. It was not until then that
       the family moved to Colorado.

Obituary for Julia Ann Peters Arledge in the Worland, Wyoming "Grit", Thursday, June 23rd, 1921.

Manderson Lady Gives Up Life Struggle at 89

Julia Ann Peters Arledge, 89, wife of A. R. Arledge died at the home of her daughter Mrs. J. E. Goodrich, at Manderson, Wyoming.

Mrs. Arledge is survived by her husband and six children as follows: Mrs. H. J. Turner, Kleskun Hill, Canada; Mrs. F. P. Brown, Big Trails, Wyoming; Mrs. J. E. Goodrich, Manderson, Wyoming; Mrs. F. M. Bremmer, Richfield, Washington; Mr. Walter Arledge, Asotin, Washington; Mrs. R.. C. Nicholson, Greybull, Wyoming; also one brother Siles Peters, Asotin, Washington. Her Grandchildren number 32 and great grand children 36.

Mrs. Arledge was born July 13th, 1834 at York state and came to Wyoming some 39 years ago. She was a faithful wife and a devoted mother.

The funeral services were held at Tensleep, Sunday June 12th where Elder G. M. Porter of the Latter Day Saints church conducted the services. The music was furnished by the Tensleep choir which sang "Beautiful Isle of Somewhere." Prayer by Elder G. M. Porter.

Elser J. F. Petersen spoke of the good work of Mrs. Arledge and the mission she has fulfilled by raising her children and fulfilling the first commandment of God, Multiply and replenish the Earth; also spoke of the resurrection of the dead, and quoted several passages of scripture to support this subject and the progression of the hereafter.

Elder G. M. Porter spoke the mission of mankind here on earth and referred to the great council in Heaven which brought about out of free agency and existence here on earth; dwelt upon the resurrection of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, and so shall the ressurrection of all mankind except the sons of perdition; spoke of the three great events in life, which is, the birth and the death and the ressurrection.

Elder J. F. Petersen sang "Sometime We'll Understand". Closing prayer by Elder J. T.. Pituse.

The remains were laid to rest in the Tensleep cemetery and the grave was dedicated by Elder G. M. Porter.

[from Jerry Smalley]

Huldah Jane Arledge Turner 1858-1949 (daughter of Alexander R. and Julia Arledge)

1. From the Grande Prairie "Herald", 10 July 1924, page 1, column 2.
Kleskun Lake News

"It will be interesting to many of the readers of the Herald to learn that Mrs. Frank Turner Sr., of this place, is one of the four hundred beneficiaries in a $500,000,000 estate of Charles Christopher Springer, who died in the State of Maryland in 1776, and though he could trace his ancestry back to Saxon times, even to Edward the Great, he became so attached to his adopted country, that when the War of the American Independence was declared his sympathies were given to the U.S.A. Three of his sons, however, remained true to Great Britain and fled to Canada, rather than fight against her. Mr. Springer decreed that they personally, though their descendants might, reap no benefits from his estate, and to insure this, he made his estate over to the Anglican Church for 90 years. This may seem a fairy tale, but all matters are now completed, with the exception of the distribution of the vast sum."

Note from Jerry Smalley: although the article says "Mrs. Frank Turner Sr.", the writer had to mean Huldah Jane (Arledge) Turner as she was the Springer descendant, not Bertha (Swart) Turner.

3. From the Grande Prairie "Herald",  6 March1947,  page 6, column 3.
Grandma Turner Has 89th Birthday

Mrs. Bertha Turner was hostess at a delightful birthday party for her other-in-law, Mrs. Huldah Turner, at her home in Grande Prairie last week. Friends came both afternoon and evening to wish Mrs. Turner happiness on her 89th birthday and continued health to enjoy many more birthdays. Numerous gifts, flowers birthday cards, and phone calls from near and far also gladdened "Grandma Turner's" day. Two Grand-daughters, Mrs. D. Turner and and Mrs. Stanley Moore, poured tea for the occasion. Seated in her wheel chair, Mrs. Turner lived over her early days on the trail as she shared her  pictures and remembrances with her friends. Mr. and Mrs. Jack Turner came into the Grande Prairie country over the winter Edson Trail in 1912. They settled in the Clairmont district where they farmed until recent years. Their son Frank and family located in the Kleskun Hill district. The trek into the Peace River country was not Grandma Turner's first adventure in pioneering. She has pioneered all her life in South Dakota Nebraska and Colorado, before coming north. A practical nurse,she was a great help to other pioneers in the early days when there were no doctors. Although unable to move about much, or read due to failing eyesight,Grandma still keeps busy and happy knitting and hooking lovely rugs.

4. From the Grande Prairie "Herald", 24 February 1949, page 1, column 2.
Mrs. Huldah Turner, 91, Pioneer Woman, Passes

The death occurred last week in the Grande Prairie Municipal Hospital of Mrs. Huldah Jane Turner, beloved pioneer woman at the age of 91 years. Funeral services were held in St. Paul's United Church, Rev. C. G. Kitney officiating.
Interment was made in Grande Prairie Cemetery. Pall bearers were Robert Cochrane, E. J. Holtom, H. Thompson, H. Manning, R. Ludwig and D. Cameron.

The late Mrs. Turner was born in Blue Earth,Minnesota, Feb. 26, 1856. She pioneered in Nebraska, South Dakota and Colorado before coming to Alberta. In 1912, with the first pioneer families, she came into the Grande Prairie country
over the Edson Trail. With her husband and family she homesteaded at Kleskun Hill, 15 miles east of town. Four years ago she left the farm and made her home with her daughter-in-law, Mrs. Bertha Turner, in Grande Prairie. A born nurse and pioneer neighbor, Mrs. Turner gave freely of her time and strength to care for the sick and ailing when doctors and nurses were not available in this new community. Until the age of 75 she never refused to answer a call for help, no matter how severe the weather. She did the same wherever she made her home and could look back on over half a century of nursing service in pioneer districts. She leaves to mourn her loss one daughter, Mrs. Amanda Brown, Mount Sterling, Illinois; two sisters and one brother residing in the United States. Her husband, 3 daughters and 1 son predeceased her. There are 10 grandchildren and 19 great-grandchildren.

Frank Edwin Turner 1875-1943 (son of Huldah Arledge Turner)

1. From the history book "SMOKEY RIVER TO GRANDE PRAIRIE" published in 1978. Dave Turner obtained a copy of this book and sent it to me. The story of the Turner Family starts on page 269. I have also included the forward to the book by Arthur B. Patterson. I think it will remind us all what kind of place and time our ancestors lived in.


by Arthur B. Patterson, Editor

"This book is a chronicle, a tribute to the pioneers who settled on the land from the Smoky River to Grande Prairie. It was, at the turn of the century, almost inaccessible, remote, and the last available virgin farmland in North America. The cost in dollars, a pittance, was $10.00 for a 160 acre homestead; the cost in endurance, hardships, labor, privations, isolation and loneliness was immense; beyond the grasp of our modern, affluent society.

The first settlers followed the trail of the Alaskan gold rush days of 1898 from Edmonton north. They mixed socially with the native Cree Indians and the remnants of a Beaver tribe.

The early pioneers came from all walks of life. Among them were land speculators, farmers, illicit moonshiners, perverts, gamblers, prostitutes, businessmen, cowboys, trappers, carpenters, doctors and preachers. One trait they all were endowed with was the spirit of adventure. "


Frank Edward Turner was born in Fort Collins, Colorado, U.S.A. in 1875, and came to this country from Interior, South Dakota, where he and his family were engaged in ranching.

The call of the Peace River Country in Alberta was irresistible to Frank, so in 1911, he packed and left for the North with his sister and brother-in-law, Ada E. and Hershel E. Alder. He filed on a homestead in the Kleskun Lake vicinity, (N.W. lh 22-72-5 W6) and staked claims for his father and mother, Lorenzo D. (Jack) and Hulda Jane Turner in the Kleskun Hill district.

After returning to Interior, plans were made to move North in the spring, so on March 1st, 1912, he left for the new home in Canada, accompanied by his wife Bertha, son Ralph, George, and Ben, daughters, Clara, and Helen, also his father and mother, plus three train car loads of settlers' effects, consisting of machinery, sleighs, wagons, furniture, piano, organ, some chickens, dog, cat and thirty head of horses. A good neighbor, Mr. Ike Boyer also came and helped look after the livestock. He later settled in the East Kleskun District.

When arriving at Edson, which was the end of the steel, it was a very busy time. They had to unload the box cars, get the horses shod, start packing the sleighs and buy enough provisions and clothing for all to last until winter time. They stayed six days at the immigration Hall and left on the 20th of March with eight sleigh loads. They crossed the Athabasca River on ice, but the snow was melting very fast on the high ground so they soon had to  change to wagons. The mud was thick and deep and in some places it was necessary to use from six to ten horses to pull each wagon up the hills. The corduroy was almost completely worn out, which made travelling slow and tedious; they barely made five miles a day.

Finally, the 100 Mile Place was reached. They rested there for three weeks, as Bertha and Frank were presented with a fine baby boy (who holds the honor of being the first baby born on The Edson Trail). He was named David Edson Turner.

During their stay at 100 Mile House, a bad forest fire was raging and dropping hot ashes on the camp, but while the men were digging pits to put the essentials of food in and getting prepared and parked to leave. the wind started to blow from the other direction. Thanks to God as it could have been disastrous. The rest did the horses good also, as they were getting very thin and feed was getting short.

However, after many trials and tribulations, crossing all of the rivers and streams on rotten ice, and having rabbits or prairie chickens on the menu every day,they did arrive on the 12 of June, 1912, at the three-roomed log homestead palace with a sod roof.

Slough water was used until a well was dug by hand. A cook stove heated the house. Grease lights (rags tied with string placed in a saucer of grease) were used a lot of the time.

The railroad did not come as far as Grande Prairie until 1916, so previous to that time, Frank and men would go by sleighs 100 miles to High Prairie each winter and bring back enough provisions, clothes, grain and garden seeds to do until the next year.

Besides farming and ranching, Frank was one of the first pioneers to raise silver foxes in the north (known as the Peace River Silver Fox Farm) before the l920's. These foxes were equal to the best on the North American Continent. No rodeo or stampede was complete, in the early days, without Frank Turner, as he was the best practical roper in the North country. In fact he was in a class by himself. Frank passed away in 1943.

Bertha Lee Turner was born in Litchfield Michigan. in 1874. She moved to Interior, South Dakota to teach school and married Frank E. Turner in 1896.

Although, being a mother of seven children, she still could find time to help and be active in community affairs. a member of the Ladies Institute. She was always willing to help with concerts in the district. When the Kleskun Lake School was built, she organized and conducted the first Sunday School. A musician herself, she taught piano and vocal in that area for several years. Mrs. Turner passed away in 1953.

Ralph Everett, born in 1898, Clara Lee born in 1900, George Eugene in 1903, Ben Swart in 1906, and Helen Ruth in 1908, were all born in South Dakota. They came over the Edson Trail in 1912 with their parents Frank E. and Bertha L. Turner. David Edson, was born on the Edson Trail and Edna Frances at Kleskun Lake in 1917. Our Grandmother Hulda J. Turner brought all of us into the world.

At one time or another, we all attended The Kleskun Lake School but for a few years there were not enough children to keep that school open, so it was amalgamated with Kleskun Hill School. That meant we drove a team of horses or a span of mules five miles. In winter time we went in a bob sleigh, with straw in the bottom, lots of heavy quilts and heated rocks to keep our feet warm as sometimes it would be fifty or sixty below. Then in the summer time, we went in a democrat.

Ralph joined the Army in the First World War and while training, the Armistice was signed. He will be remembered as being one of the star baseball pitchers of the North Country. He married Eva Collet of Buffalo Lakes and their family are Herm, Glen, Doris and Margie. In later years, Ralph and Eva looked after light houses on the West Coast. Ralph passed away in 1961 and Eva now resides at Prince George, B.C.

Clara taught school for a time as a sub-teacher, then worked in the office for a lawyer, George Fraser, in Grande Prairie. She married Charles Harris in 1923 and they farmed for many years. They had one son Albert; Clara and Charles passed away in 1974 and 1975 respectively.

George was active in baseball and hockey. He married Helen Suek,a telephone operator in Clairmont in 1926. They have a family of four. Margaret,Edward,Marion and Jeanie. Besides farming for a few years,George has prospected from the Arctic to close to the 49th parallel. They reside at Merritt, B.C.

Ben farmed in the Clairmont, Bear Lake and Glen  Leslie districts for years. He married Annie Nelson of  Bezanson, and they have a family of three: Frank, Eleanor and Brian. Later Ben went into the gravel business in Grande Prairie. He died in 1965. Annie lives in Vernon, BC.

Helen worked at the Land Office in Grande Prairie for four years, then transferred to the Edmonton office in 1933. Married Chester Myers in 1936 and have a family of two, Bertha and Lois. Chester passed away in 1970. Helen resides at Sidney, B.C.

David farmed east of Clairmont and east of Grande Prairie for a few years. He married Mildred Allen of Bezanson in 1937 and their family consists of Lee, Sharon and Robert. David has worked for 27 years for the Department of Highways, and is known far and near, from Valleyview to Hythe to Rycroft. Mildred and Dave make their home in Grande Prairie.

Edna worked in a doctors office in Fort St. John and also taught leather tooling. She married Stanley Moore of Bear Lake where they farmed, also at Kleskun Hill before moving to Fort St. John. Their family are Warren, Glen and Marilyn. Edna passed away in 1972 and Stanley still resides at Fort St. John, B.C.

Lorenzo Dowe (Jack) and Hulda Jane Turner settled at Kleskun Hill in 1912, 15 miles east of Grande Prairie, where they farmed and also raised silver foxes. He passed away in 1926 at the age of 82. Mrs. Turner was born in Blue Earth, Minnesota, in 1856. A natural born nurse and pioneer neighbor, she gave freely of her time and strength to care for the sick and ailing, when doctors and nurses were not available in the new community. Many babies were delivered by her. Until the age of 75 she never refused to answer a call for help, no matter how severe the weather. "Dr. Turner" as she was known, could look back on over half a century of nursing service in pioneer districts. Mrs. Turner passed away in 1947 at the age of 91.

Hershel E. and Ada E. Alder trekked over the Edson Trail in 1911 from Interior, South Dakota, and took up land on Kleskun Hill, where they farmed most of the time. They died in 1942 and 1943 respectively.

History of "Grandma Turner" as I (Bob Prowd) remember incidents she told of her youth in-the U.S.A. I worked for her in the summer of 1928. Grandma was diabetic and got a cold in October of 1928 and couldn't take cough syrup because of the sugar content and rented her farm and foxes to Rhinehart Ladwig in November 1928. I never saw Grandma Turner since.

Grandma Turner (Hulda) was married at 14. A son, Frank, was born at 15, and a daughter, Ada (Mrs. Hershel Alder) at 17. By the time Grandma Turner's children reached their teens Grandma had time on her hands to spare. She studied to be a doctor and got her   Medical Certificate when she was thirty. An Indian friend of hers, Mrs. John Grey became a nurse, about the same time. Mrs. Turner and Mrs. Grey looked after the health of the Indians on the reserve till the Turners left for the Peace River Country in Canada.

Mr. and Mrs. John Grey came to Alberta about the same time, also Ike Boyer, one of the Turner ranch hands. Grandma always said Ike was the bravest man she knew. The Turners located on the south slope of Kleskun Hill. The Greys and Ike Boyer on the East slope, just south of Kleskun Lake.

The Turners had long legged saddle horses and ran down and killed coyotes with a club. Their start in fox farming began from a fox caught from horseback with a sheep hook and more fox were caught in padded traps outside the fox pen. It proved to be a very profitable business until the early thirties.

I remember trying to help Grandma Turner set a dislocated shoulder for a Mr. Parker of Crystal Creek. Grandma Turner, because of her age, was not quite strong enough to get the joint back in the socket. I wasn't much help. I became faint and was just able to get outside and lay down on the lawn. Grandma Turner put the shoulder in and came out to see to me before I was back on my feet.


Christmas of '93 I received a book as a gift.  The book was "Reflections of the Badlands" by Philip S. Hall. The book contains several references about my ancestors and their families. Chapter 9 of the book is called " The Last Years of the Open Range" and opens like this.

"The Badlands were a cattleman's paradise in 1896. The government owned it, but no one came to collect the rent. Thousands of cattle grazed between the Badlands walls and grew fat on the protein rich buffalo grass. There was not a barbed wire fence from Stearns west to the Cheyenne River. When Frank Lynn tried to string one up in 1905, he was shot ten times with a 30-30 Winchester. The murderer, Frank Turner, rode to Pierre and informed the law of the incident. No charges were brought. The Badlands were the cattlemen's exclusive domain, and in those days they ruled it to suit themselves."

I contacted the author, Phil Hall, first to thank him for writing such a wonderful book on the Badlands area and it's people, and second to find out if he knew any more about this incident. Phil said that the only information that he had was what was in the book with one exception. He told me that Frank Lynn's grave was on the old Dude Rounds ranch now owned by Norman Amiotte. On the evening of June 28,1994, I called Norman to ask if he knew anything more about this incident. I told him who I was and how I was connected to the people in the story. He related to me a whole new version of the incident that was passed on to him by a member, now deceased, of the Bradfield family who lived in the Badlands for many years. The story goes like this..............

"The shooting of Frank Lynn was not over barbed wire at all, but over a woman. Frank Turner used to haul firewood to Frank Lynn and his wife. Frank Lynn and his wife did not have a very cordial relationship with each other and Lynn got to thinking that Turner was  "sparkin" his wife. One day Lynn went to Dude Rounds and borrowed a six-shooter and then went to Interior and proceeded to get very drunk.  When Lynn got to the right stage of intoxication, he went looking for Turner with blood in his eye. Lynn found Turner on the Dude Rounds place erecting some sort of building for the owner. Lynn confronted Turner and started blazing away at him with the borrowed six-gun, but being in an intoxicated state could not hit what he was aiming at. At this point, Turner, fearing for his life, emptied his 30-30 Winchester into Frank Lynn. Turner then rode to Pierre and informed the law of the incident. No charges were brought."

The Frank Lynn grave is on the the Norman Amiotte place but has no marker, just a sunken spot in the ground and the remains of a wire fence around it.
                                                     Jerry Smalley
                                                     29 June,1994

3. Obit from the Grande Prairie "Herald" page 1, column 7, July 8,1943.

"Old timer of Kleskun District Passes Away"

Frank Turner,well-known old-timer of the Kleskun district, passed away at the Grande Prairie Municipal Hospital on the afternoon of July 4, after ailing for two years. The funeral will be held from St. Paul's United Church, Grande Prairie, tomorrow,(Friday), at 3 P.M. Interment will be in Grande Prairie cemetery.

Pearl Ellen Turner Smalley (daughter of Huldah Arledge Turner)

1. Obit from the Grande Prairie "Herald", August 17, 1915
          "Death of Mrs. Charles Smalley"

Mrs. Charles Smalley, a well known resident of Grande Prairie, died at her home at Kleskun Hill on Tuesday, August 10th  after a long illness. The deceased was thirty-one years of age at the time of her death. For the past four years she has lived at Kleskun Hill with her husband, Mr. Charles Smalley.

Mrs. Smalley was a kind, lovable woman and has made many friends who are heart stricken at her early demise. She is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. L. D. Turner, who also reside at Kleskun Hill. Besides her husband, father and mother, the deceased also leaves two small children to mourn her loss. Funeral services took place at the Presbyterian church, the Rev. A. Forbes officiating.


Pearl Ellen Turner was born to Lorenzo Dow (Jack) Turner and Hulda Jane Arledge Turner 10 September,1883 on a homestead along White Clay Creek in Sheridan County,Nebraska. She grew up there and in Jackson County, South Dakota. While living in Jackson County, she met a man by the name of Charles Fredrick Smalley whom she married 25 January, 1903 at Rushville, Sheridan County, Nebraska. Charley and Pearl homesteaded in Jackson County and there had two sons. Lawrence Harold Smalley was born 22 November, 1909 and Glen Edward Smalley was born 2 March, 1911. Glen's baby book says that he was born at the old homestead and was delivered by his Grand-mother Turner and his Aunt Addie Reed. On March 1, 1912 Pearl's parents, her brother Frank, her sister Ada E. Turner Alder and their families left Interior, South Dakota to homestead near Grande Prairie, Alberta, Canada. In 1913-14, Pearl was diagnosed as having  brain tumor and expressed a desire to move to Canada so she could be near her family when she died. So, Charley, Pearl, Lawrence and Glen packed up all their belongings and moved to Canada and homesteaded near Pearl's family. Pearl died 10 August, 1915 at her home at Kleskun Hill. Since there were no undertakers or funeral homes in existence at the time, Pearl was buried in a plain wooden box there on the Smalley homestead. That fall and winter, Charley and the boys made their journey home to South Dakota. Both Lawrence and Glen had memories of the cold and riding in a sleigh over snow and ice. Pearl's father died 29 December,1926. By then Grande Prairie was established as a town and had an undertaker, funeral home and a cemetery. A family burial plot was acquired and Jack was buried there. Pearl's brother Frank thought that it was only right that she should be buried with her family. Permission was given and her remains were moved to the cemetery in Grande Prairie where she now rests near her family. Pearl's life lasted but 32 years and 11 months, a short span for even that period of time.

Jerry Charles Smalley
Grandson of Pearl Turner
15 May,1994


This story was told to me by my father's 1st cousin, David Edson Turner. Dave was only 3 years old when this event occurred, so it did not come from his memory, but that of his father, Frank Turner, my Grand-mothers brother.

Grandma died 10 August, 1915 at home on the Smalley homestead near Grande Prairie, Alberta, Canada. When she died, there were no undertakers or funeral homes in existence at the time in that area so Grandma Pearl was placed in a plain wooden box and buried there on the Smalley homestead. Great-Grandpa, Jack Turner, died 29 December, 1926. By that time, Grande Prairie had become established as a town and had an undertaker funeral parlor and a cemetery. A family burial plot was purchased and Great-Grandpa Jack was buried there. Grandma Pearl's brother, Frank Turner, thought it was only right that his sister's remains should be moved to the Grande Prairie cemetery. Permission was obtained and under the supervision of the coroner, Grandma Pearl was dug up. The coroner told Frank that he would have to open the box and inspect the remains. He proceeded to pry open the box and do just that. "Frank, come over here and take a look at this,"  he said. "I've never seen anything like this before." Frank reluctantly walked over to the box and looked in. Frank later told the family that except for a thin film of greenish mold, that Grandma Pearl looked exactly like she did the day they buried her 11 years before. Stories like this are the stuff that family history is made up of and no disrespect is meant by the title.

Jerry Charles Smalley
15 May, 1994

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