of Fairfield Co, SC and Rutherford Co, NC


The following report includes all of my notes and documentation for Amos and his son Jonathan. For further generations, see my web pages for the descendants of each of Amos' known grandchildren. Links are on each of their names, below.

From the research files of Pam Wilson at wilsonpam@mindspring.com. Comments, corrections and additions welcomed. Updated July, 2006.


Generation No. 1

1. AMOS  ARLEDGE (ISAAC, WILLIAM ALDRIDGE, CLEMENT, CLEMENT, JOHN ALDRICH) was born betw. 1755-1774 probably in Fairfield District, SC? [was listed as Head Of Household in 1790 SC Census-Fairfield]1, and died abt. 1845 in Green River Cove, Rutherford (now Polk) County, NC. He married (1) probably SALLIE WRIGHT in SC, probably the daughter of RANDOLPH WRIGHT of Fairfield Co, SC. She was born Aft. 1765 in prob. SC, and died Bet. 1800 - 1804 in SC. [The name of Amos' wife is not known for sure. One IGI source had Mary].

Notes for AMOS ARLEDGE: The son of Isaac Arledge of Fairfield Co, SC, Amos apparently became head of his father's household upon the death of his father Isaac, Sr., in 1790. In this census, his household (AMOS ARLEDGE) consisted of 2 males over 16, 2 males under 16, and 3 females. These were perhaps Amos and his wife and their son Jonathan, his mother Anna, his brothers Isaac and William, and a young sister.

In a separate analysis, Graham Louer (personal correspondence) came to a similar but only slightly different conclusion: An "analysis of the location of the Fairfield Arledges on 1 March 1790 (the effective date of the census) suggests that 2 of the 3 unmarried daughters of Isaac Sr., are in the household of Amos their brother, where Isaac Sr. and wife Anna are also thought to be, and the third unmarried daughter [living with] her brother Clement." However, Louer's interpretation does not account for a wife for Amos, nor for his son or sons (Jonathan and/or Greenbandy).

Arledge, Amos State : SC County : Fairfield Dist. (Camden Dist) Year : 1790 Page # : 020 Age ranges in household : 02-02-03-00-00

Amos Arledge is listed in the 1792 Fairfield Tax List with 25 acres of 2nd quality land and 25 acres of third quality land[Chester Bulletin 9-1990 p. 82].

Some oral traditions say Amos had a son named Greenbandy (half brother of Jonathan) who went to Tennessee; I have not found any documentation yet to substantiate this.

Details of Amos' wife are unknown, but believed to have been a Sallie Wright, since he somehow inherited the land holdings of Randolph Wright [need to find Randolph Wright's will]. She apparently died sometime after 1800, since Amos was listed as a head of household in the 1800 Fairfield County census: 1 male under 10, 1 aged 26-45 and one female 26-45.

Graham Louer cites an LDS IGI source naming a wife for Amos--Mary--as the mother of Jonathan, born 1788 according to this unnamed source.

In 1797, AMOS ARLIDGE received a SC State Grant for 100 acres on the Catawba River in Camden District, Fairfield Co, on Cedar Branch. In 1805 he sold this land, as well as his other land holdings in Fairfield Co, SC, including the land inherited from his father, to John Pickett (2 land releases, Fairfield Co Book P, pp. 173, 175).

Graham Louer writes (May 1999) about the settlement of Isaac Sr's estate:

"Sarah Bishop and Anne Bishop received their shares in April and June of 1800, respectively. Then, more than 3 years later, William, Isaac, Amos and Jesse Ginn [signing in his capacity of attorney for Jesse Wright, husband of Huldah] all sign one receipt acknowledging receipt of their respective shares of the estate of Isaac."

23 April 1803 Some SC County Records: Fairfield, pp. 143-145: Warrant of appraisement of estate of Bartlett Henson, to John King Jr., Moses King, Amos Mildredge (?) [ARLEDGE], Clemt. Auldredge, Isaac Gibson. Rec. 23 Apr 1803.

In 1806 and 1807 he bought 2 tracts of land (180 acres) in the SE section of Fairfield Co, but transferred these to his brothers Isaac and William in 1816 (Fairfield Co Book X, pp. 286, 365). These were land transactions on Thorntree Creek, a tributary of the Wateree River. There is a release from Richard Campbell to Amos Arledge in Book X, p. 285 for 120 acres on Thorntree Creek dated 7 Nov. 1806 but not proven until 20 Dec 1815 when witnesses were sworn. There is a deed from Enoch Seal to Amos (several times spelled Adam) Arledge for 60 acres adjacent to his other property dated 13 June 1807 but sworn 2 Dec 1815. Then on 1 Jan 1816 Amos transferred to Isaac Arledge (his brother?) "all that plantation lying on the South side of Big Thorntree Creek", 180 acres. On 21 Dec 1815, he deeded 640 acres, originally granted to Randolph Wright (his father-in-law??) on the waters of Wateree Creek, to William Arledge (his brother??). He must have inherited this land from his wife, since there is no record of him purchasing it. {Need to look for Randolph Wright's will in Fairfield County to see if this land was willed to an Arledge.}

An Isaac Arledge (probably the brother of Moses Arledge of Fairfield County and son of John and Elizabeth) moved to Polk Co, NC and settled in the Green River Cove in 1804, purchasing 100 acres on the south side of the Green River from Thomas Justice for $300. Amos joined him in 1809 when he purchased 210 acres, on the opposite side of the Green River from Isaac's land, from John Chisolm, Wm. Riddle and Wm. Fisher, for $600, in the area known as Bright's Creek (Rutherford Co Deed Book 25 p. 99, dated 22 Nov. 1809, wit by Isaac Arledge and Gatewood Chisolm).

Amos moved from his home in SC to Green River Cove in Rutherford County, North Carolina around 1809.

There is a land transaction recorded November 22, 1809 in Rutherford County, NC, between Amos Arledge and John Chisolm, William Riddle, and William Fisher. Isaac Arledge was listed as witness. This Isaac was probably his cousin (not his brother), who was married to Sally McCormick and who died in Rutherford Co. in 1820, leaving a will. He and Sally were the foster parents to Harriett, who married Amos' son Jonathan.

1830 census, Rutherford Co, NC:

Johnathan Arledge 2(<5)1(5-10)1 (10-15)101000//011001

Sarah Arledge 000000000//010000001

Amous Arledge 000000001//0000000//001 (one male slave 25-35)

1840 census, Rutherford Co: AMOS ARLEDGE

Family Stories about Amos

The following is excerpted from a letter written by one of Amos' descendants, A. Yates Arledge of Raleigh, NC, to his brother Roone P. Arledge in 1951. The Nun he mentions was probably David "Nunn" Arledge (1862-1945), son of Clement and Elizabeth Holbert Arledge: "Amos was said to have been a thrifty old man and accumulated a considerable number of slaves. He raised cattle there in the mountains and drove them to Charleston, SC to market, as a means of getting hold of money. In those days I suppose there was very little money in that community. Finally he sold his slaves for a considerable amount which together with such money as he is reputed to have had, amounted to a considerable sum. Nun said he had a half-bushel measure of gold coins."

"I recall right well some of the things Nun told us about the old story which you have probably heard about old man Amos' gold presumably being buried and still undiscovered in that section. He mentioned someone, and I have forgotten who it was, some of the family, probably Nun's father, Levi, who told him, Nun, that as a small boy he saw the old man Amos bring his money, which consisted of gold coins, down to the river, and scrubbed them in the sand on a sand bar to make them shine, as he evidently admired the looks of the gold very much. Most folks do, or did before abolishing the gold standard. He said he brought it in a half bushel measure and it was full. The mystery, of course, if whatever became of the money. There were no banks, and of course he had to keep it hidden or buried. The old man lived by himself in a log house there in the river bottom, and one night the house burned and he perished in it. Careful search was made in the remains of the house for the money, but they only found three or four hundred dollars in gold coin. This they discovered to be in parts of the logs which had not been completely consumed. Her had bored holes in the log sills under the floor boards and placed the coins in the holes and had driven a peg in on the top of the coins. The log sills did not completely burn up and the money was found in the charred pieces that remain."

"You have heard Dad tell the story of his grandmother or great-grandmother, who as a young married woman dreamed one night that Amos' money was hidden under a rock cliff on the side of one of the Green River mountains, nearby the old Amos place. She told her husband about it with great faith and tried to get him to go with her up to this place and look for the money. He hooted at the idea and would not go. She kept nagging at him and finally he gave in, as most men do under the constant nagging of his wife, and went with her, and there they found $2500 in gold coin hidden in the place she had seen so vividly in her dream. With this money they bought two slaves and thereby got started in the slave business. SO far as anyone knows that, and the few hundred dollars that was found in the burned house, was all of the old man's gold that was ever found. It was thought that he had much more than that. Nun said at that time people in the community were still on the lookout for the money which they felt was buried there somewhere. And occasionally evidence was seen whereby someone had been digging, probably by people who were not as accurate dreamers as was that ancestral lady."

In a second letter, dated 14 September 1951, Yates Arledge wrote:

"Today I went to see Easor Arledge at the home of his son Reese above Mill Springs, Polk County [NC]. .. . He was 88 in January, born in 1863, son of Clem Arledge, who was a son of Jonathan. His mind was bright and clear and his recollections seemed clear. I discussed family history with him. Of course, he had no first-hand information as to Amos or of his grandfather Jonathan but he seemed to know a great deal about those of his own generation and remembered what his elders had told him about the family background."

"He said that Ellen Aiken--a daughter of Isaac (son of Jonathan) told him many years ago that Amos came from Fairfield County, SC. But he never heard how he came to be at Fairfield or any of the family history back of there, but had heard it was generally believed the Arledges came from Ireland. "Uncle Isaac" (he didn't know whether he was a brother of Amos or what relation) also settled and lived in the same neighborhood, one on one side of Green River and the other on the other, or the lower end as he called it. Amos lived in the "hackberry bottom" (named for a big hackberry tree which stood there). "Uncle Isaac" it seems had no children, but raised a girl, Harriet Jones (he thought her name was). He didn't know where Harriet came from or anything about her background, only that Isaac raised her. Amos had a son named Jonathan and a son named Greenbandy; they were half-brothers. Jonathan married Harriet and lived there on the Amos land, and Greenbandy went to Tennessee. If Amos had any other children, Easor did not know about it."

"Easor said it was Harriet, wife of Jonathan, who dreamed of where part of Amos' gold was hidden and found some of it--he said $1500. I failed to ask Easor the hearsay as to how Amos got his gold. No doubt he brought it with him, as I don't see how he could have accumulated much gold at that time in that section."


SC STATE GRANTS: Amos ARLIDGE, Camden Dist, 100 acres, v. 43, p. 21, 4 Sept. 1797

FAIRFIELD Co, SC LAND SALE RECORDS (recorded by Pam Wilson from Deed Book Index, Winnsboro, SC) 1805 Amos ARLEDGE to John PICKETT, Release (2), Book P, pp. 173, 175 1816 Adam (misprint: should be Amos) ARLEDGE from Enoch SEAL, Release, Bk X, p. 283

1816 Amos ARLEDGE from Richard CAMPBELL, Release, Bk. X, p. 285

Notes for SALLIE WRIGHT: Sallie is probably the daughter of Randolph Wright of Fairfield Co, SC, and may have inherited a lot of land from him that became Amos'. She may be the sister of Jesse Wright, who married one of Amos Arledge's sisters.

Children of AMOS ARLEDGE are:

1. GREENBANDY? ARLEDGE, b. he may have had a different mother than Jonathan; family folklore (multiple sources) says he went to Tennessee. So far, I have not been able to find a trace of him.

2. ii. JONATHAN ARLEDGE, b. c. 1790, Fairfield Co, SC; d. September 01, 1875, Polk County, NC (bur. Green River Cove) [Will].

Generation No. 2

2. JONATHAN ARLEDGE (AMOS, ISAAC, WILLIAM ALDRIDGE, CLEMENT, CLEMENT, JOHN ALDRICH) was born c. 1790 in Fairfield Co, SC3, and died September 01, 1875 in Polk County, NC (bur. Green River Cove) [Will]. He married HARRIETT McCORMICK abt. 1812 probably in NC; she was the foster daughter of his father's cousin ISAAC ARLEDGE and his wife SARAH "SALLY" McCORMICK. She was born 1796 in South Carolina and died Aft. 1880 in Polk Co, NC. She is listed in 1880 census, Cooper's Gap, Polk Co, NC age 84 with Calvin and Martha Walker (age 24).

Notes for JONATHAN ARLEDGE: Jonathan and his father Amos went to the Green River Cove area of Rutherford County (later Polk Co.), NC from Fairfield County SC in the early 1800's.

In War of 1812 served in 11th Company, 8th NC Regiment, 4th Corporal. Roster of Officers:



1820 Rutherford Co NC Census: ALDREDGE, Jonathan: 4 males and 2 females under age 10, 1 male and 1 female 26-45.

1830 Rutherford Co NC census: JOHNATHAN ARLEDGE (along with SARAH, Isaac's widow, and AMOUS)

1840 Rutherford Co NC census: AMOS, ISAAC, JONATHAN and LEVY ARLEDGE.

When Polk County formed in 1855, Jonathan Arledge was one of the first jurors.

1860 census, Polk County (newly formed from Rutherford): lists JOHN ARLEDGE (30), CLEM (35), G.B. (33), LEVI (47) and JONATHAN (with slave schedule).

1860 Polk Co NC census, Coopers Gap Twp lists Johnithan ARLEDGE, age 70 M, b SC; Harriet, age 64 F b SC; Harriet Hill, 11 F b NC; and Benjamin Vess 12M b NC. 1860 Slave Schedule in Cooper's Gap Twp lists 1 male black age 70, two males age 16, one female age 15, and females age 12, 9, 6 and 3.

1870 census, Polk Co, NC lists the following ARLEDGEs:

ELI (43) JONATHAN (82): Jonathan 82 and Harriett 74, both born in SC, with Benjamin Vest 23, day laborer, John Williams 12 and Harriet Hill, 20. LEVI (57) ULISSUS (26) BUTLER (24) JONATHAN (21) CLEMENT (46) GREEN B. (53)

Free black (former slaves of Jonathan Arledge, I presume) living in household in between Ulissus and Butler in 1870 census:


Some reports list one of his children as Mathison ARLEDGE, but this seems to be from the will of Isaac Arledge (foster father of Harriett) who lists "Greenberry Mathison" as one of Jonathan and Harriett's children. Existing evidence does not support that there was a separate child named Mathison.

Jonathan's Will was recorded in Polk County, written on 19 Aug. 1875 and proved 15 Sept. 1875, providing for his land, at his wife's death, to be divided between sons Isaac and John. He named son Green Berry as executor. WB 1/26 (in NC Archives now)

Involved in extended lawsuit with the Littleton Pittillo estate. See http://www.geocities.com/heartland/prairie/8208/Pittillo.html for legal records.

Notes for HARRIETT MCCORMICK: Raised as a foster child by Isaac Arledge (Amos' cousin who settled in the Green River Cove with him) and Sally McCormick. Sometimes referred to as Harriett White, Wright or Jones, but most often McCormick. Her origin is unclear. She may have been a younger sister or niece to Sallie McCormick, who raised her.

My cousin Betty Arledge Harris said she had always heard that the McCormicks were from the Augusta, GA, area.


i. Levi Arledge, born March 03, 1813 in Green River Cove, Rutherford Co, NC; died March 10, 1901 in Green River Cove, Polk Co, NC.

ii. Isaac Arledge, born December 12, 1814 in Green River Cove, Rutherford Co, NC; died June 23, 1900 in Henderson Co., NC (bur. Hendersonville Cem).

iii. Green Berry Arledge, born December 18, 1816 in Green River Cove, Rutherford Co, NC; died April 28, 1887 in Bur. Silver Creek Baptist Church, Polk Co, NC.

iv. Angelina Arledge, born 05 Dec 1818, Green River Cove, Polk Co, NC; d. Aft. 1880.

v. Happy Arledge, born December 13, 1820 in Green River Cove, Rutherford Co, NC; died September 23, 1903 in Polk Co, NC; Bur. Silver Creek Baptist Church, Polk Co, NC.

vi. Clement Arledge, born July 04, 1825 in Green River Cove, Rutherford Co, NC; died December 25, 1919 in Polk Co, NC; Bur. Silver Creek Baptist Church, Polk Co, NC.

vii. Eli Arledge, born July 15, 1826 in Green River Cove, Rutherford Co, NC; died April 19, 1904 in Henderson Co, NC; bur. Macedonia Baptist Church, near Saluda. FOR A PHOTO OF ELI ARLEDGE click here.

viii. John Arledge, born May 07, 1830 in Green River Cove, Rutherford Co, NC; died November 16, 1884 in bur. Oakdale Cemetery, Hendersonville, NC.

ix. Mary Ann Arledge, born December 01, 1830 in Green River Cove, Rutherford Co, NC; died December 13, 1912 in Bur. Mt. Moriah Bapt. Church.

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From the research files of Pam Wilson at wilsonpam@mindspring.com. Comments, corrections and additions welcomed.